César Muñoz is Brazil senior researcher with the Americas division at Human Rights Watch, focusing on public security issues, especially prison conditions and police abuse. Prior to joining the Americas division, he worked for Agencia EFE, the largest Spanish-language newswire in the world, first as Washington correspondent and later as Bureau Chief in Ecuador, Paraguay, and Brazil. He also worked as a journalist for CNN, Europa Press TV, and other media outlets in the United States and Spain, where he was born. As a Bloomberg Fellow in 2001/2002 he produced Human Right Watch’s first report on US counterterrorism policy after the 9/11 attacks. He is a graduate of Sacred Heart University and the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University.