In March 2020, Guineans voted in a constitutional referendum and legislative elections that paved the way for President Alpha Condé to secure a third term in office, notwithstanding the new constitution and original 2010 text limiting presidents to two terms. Both the March elections and the October 2020 presidential poll were marred by violence, notably the use of excessive and at times lethal force by security forces. Natural resources remain central to the economy. The rapidly expanding bauxite sector poses a significant human rights concern as surging demand has led to thousands of farmers losing land to mining, often for inadequate compensation, and damaging vital water sources.

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