Spain pushes migrants and asylum seekers back at its borders, while hundreds died at sea attempting to reach the Canary Islands. Migrant agricultural workers experience unsanitary living conditions and labor exploitation. As poverty increased with the Covid-19 pandemic, reliance on food banks is rising and people face obstacles applying for social security support. Prosecutions on overbroad criminal charges, and a draconian 2015 public security law, interfere with freedom of expression. The government has announced legislative reforms to counter gender-based violence and allow for gender self-recognition for trans people.