Serbia: War crimes prosecutions progress slowly in domestic courts, hampered by inadequate resources and a lack of political support. Asylum seekers have no meaningful access to protection and are stranded in poor conditions. Roma face housing discrimination and harassment. Journalists reporting on sensitive issues continue to endure attacks, threats, lawsuits and smear campaigns.

Kosovo: A long-awaited special court to try serious war crimes has been established but has faltered over delayed indictments and personnel issues. Journalists face threats and intimidation. Tensions between Kosovo Serbs and Kosovo Albanians continue, particularly in the north. Members of Roma, Ashkali, and Egyptian communities continue to face discrimination.