The deadly attacks on Charlie Hebdo and a kosher supermarket in January intensified debates in France and elsewhere over how to appropriately respond to extremism. The government failed to pursue necessary reforms to counter abusive identity checks, including ethnic profiling. Migrant Roma living in informal camps are forcibly evicted. Reports of Islamophobic and anti-Semitic attacks increased. Migrants and asylum seekers in Calais face police abuse. New counterterrorism measures infringe disproportionately the rights to free movement and to free expression. A bill before parliament would give the government sweeping powers for digital surveillance without adequate safeguards against abuse.