China remains a one-party authoritarian state that systematically curbs fundamental rights. Since President Xi Jinping and a new leadership team assumed power in March 2013, the government has unleashed an extraordinary assault on activists and human rights defenders with a ferocity unseen in recent years. The government has moved to tighten control over key pillars of civil society including nongovernmental organizations and the media. The “Great Firewall” used to censor the Internet has been expanded, while the ruling Communist Party has returned to acting as “thought police” by issuing directives warning against the perils of “universal values” and human rights and insisting on “correct” ideology, including Communist Party supremacy. Despite recent legislation to end torture in custody, police and interrogators have found ways to evade the law.