The ruling People’s Action Party has run a de facto one-party state since independence in 1965. The government limits the rights to freedom of expression, assembly, and association using overly broad legal provisions on security, public order, morality, and racial and religious harmony. The government requires a police permit for any cause-related gathering. However, Singaporean citizens have been increasingly asserting their rights through social media, on-line blogs, websites, and rallies in the sole designated area for such activities.  Corporal punishment is common in Singapore, with caning mandatory as an additional punishment for a range of crimes. LGBT people still face legal discrimination, including penal code article 377A that criminalizes sex between men.