Although a resource-rich country, almost 40 percent of Papua New Guinea’s population lives in poverty. The outbreak of Covid-19 highlighted the weaknesses in the country's rights protection, exacerbated by government corruption, economic mismanagement, and a fragile health care system. Lack of accountability for police violence persists in Papua New Guinea, and weak enforcement of laws criminalizing corruption and violence against women and children continue to foster a culture of impunity and lawlessness. Prime Minister James Marape has committed to reforms and promised a crackdown on corruption in the country, but real progress has yet to be seen.

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