Afghanistan entered a new period of uncertainty in 2015 after disputed presidential elections that led to the creation of a national unity government. Human rights abuses, including the torture of detainees, violence against women, and attacks on journalists, remain a serious problem. Security forces continue to operate largely with impunity. Indiscriminate attacks by the Taliban and other insurgent forces have led to a sharp rise in civilian deaths. Decreased international military support, donor assistance, and attention have contributed to fears that the human rights situation could degenerate further, with particularly dangerous implications for women’s rights. President Ashraf Ghani has made strong public commitments to protect rights, but implementation has been slow.