Somalia’s long-running armed conflict continues to leave civilians dead, wounded, and displaced in large numbers. The Islamist armed group Al-Shabaab commits abuses in areas it controls while targeting civilians in deadly attacks in government-controlled areas such as Mogadishu. Restrictions on access to aid organizations have exacerbated the humanitarian crisis. The Somali government has largely failed to provide security and protect rights in areas under its control. Government security forces, African Union troops, and allied militias have been responsible for indiscriminate attacks, sexual violence, and arbitrary arrests and detention. Insecurity and political infighting have detracted from progress on justice and security sector reform.