Somalia’s long-running armed conflict continues to leave civilians dead, wounded, and displaced in large numbers. Despite positive commitments and policy developments from the Somali government, insecurity and political infighting continues to detract from concrete progress on justice and security sector reform. The Islamist armed group Al-Shabaab commits abuses in areas it controls while targeting civilians in deadly attacks in government-controlled areas such as Mogadishu. Displaced populations remain vulnerable to sexual violence and forced evictions in government-controlled areas. Clashes over the creation of federal states resulted in abuses against civilians. Government security forces, African Union troops, and allied militias have been responsible for indiscriminate attacks, sexual violence, and arbitrary arrests and detention. Restrictions on access to aid organizations have exacerbated the humanitarian crisis.