Kenya’s efforts to tackle its escalating security crisis have been marred by serious human rights violations by Kenyan security forces, including extrajudicial killings, arbitrary detentions, and torture. The government rarely investigates or prosecutes security officers for such abuse. The government has been slow in implementing key reforms identified as crucial to addressing Kenya’s political crisis, including land reform and stronger accountability mechanisms, and security sector reforms. Kenya has tried to restrict civil society and independent media. There has been no tangible progress on accountability for crimes committed during the post-elections violence of 2007-8, which left at least 1,100 dead and 650,000 displaced.