The administration of President Evo Morales has created a hostile environment for human rights defenders that undermines their ability to work independently. A judicial reform that began in 2016 risks seriously weakening the rule of law in the country. Extensive and arbitrary use of pretrial detention—and long trial delays—undermine defendants’ rights and contribute to prison overcrowding. Impunity for past human rights abuses, violence against women, and child labor are other major concerns.