Political interference has plagued Bolivia’s justice system for years. The government, both under former interim president Jeanine Áñez (Nov. 2019 - Nov. 2020) and current president Luis Arce, has used an overbroad definition of “terrorism” in prosecutions of political opponents. Nobody has been held accountable for 37 killings in the context of election-related protests in 2019, including of 20 people who died in two massacres in which witnesses said state forces opened fire against protesters. Women and girls remain at high risk of violence. Indigenous peoples continue to face barriers to exercise their right to free, prior, and informed consent regarding measures that may affect them.

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