Eritrea’s government subjects its population to widespread repression,  including widespread forced labor and conscription, staunch restrictions on freedom of expression, opinion, and faith, and restricting independent scrutiny by international monitors. It collectively punishes relatives of alleged draft evaders and deserters. As a one-man dictatorship under President Isaias Afewerki, Eritrea has no legislature, no independent civil society organizations or media outlets, and no independent judiciary. Throughout 2022, Eritrean forces remained in parts of Ethiopia’s Tigray region where they have continued to commit serious violations, including killings, pillage, and rape.

Eritrea country page map