While Mali has stabilized since the armed conflict of 2012-13, the vast northern regions continue to be plagued by rampant lawlessness and violence from both pro and anti-government forces. Rule of law institutions countrywide are weak, in part due to corrupt practices and inadequate resources for the criminal justice system. Corruption, endemic at all levels of government, further impeded Malians’ access to basic health care and education. There has been a decrease in abuses by state security forces, but Malian authorities have made little effort to investigate and hold accountable those implicated in serious abuses during the recent armed conflict.