The human rights landscape in Eswatini remains characterized by serious human rights violations, including extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances, and repression of pro-democracy activists. King Mswati III, has ruled the country as an absolute monarch since 1986. There are no legally recognized political parties in the country due to a ban introduced by a 1973 decree. In 2021, protests erupted in response to a decree banning petitions to the government calling for democratic reforms. In response, Eswatini authorities banned protests and dispatched police and soldiers who fired indiscriminately at protesters with live ammunition.

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