Civilians in the Central African Republic are caught in the middle of fighting, after a new rebel coalition attacked major towns in late 2020, collapsing a 2019 peace deal. President Faustin-Archange Touadera was re-elected in January 2021, though only about one third of the electorate was able to cast their ballot due to threats posed by armed groups. The government struggles to maintain control of the capital, Bangui, relying on peacekeepers and other international forces for support. One Central African out of four is internally displaced or sought refuge abroad. The Special Criminal Court, comprised of national and international staff, has begun investigations but requires more sustained support from the government and its international partners. Trials of anti-balaka leaders began at the International Criminal Court and the first Seleka suspect was transferred to The Hague in January.

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