Despite South Africa’s strong constitutional protections for human rights and its relative success at providing basic services, the government continues to struggle to meet demands for economic and social rights. It has failed to realize the right to education for an estimated half-a-million children with disabilities. Issues such as unemployment, corruption, and threats to freedom of expression remain a concern for many South Africans. Police brutality and use of excessive force is a persistent problem. Concerns remain about the treatment of migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers, and the government has done little to address the root causes of outbreaks of xenophobia violence. Violence against women, including rape and domestic violence, remains very high. South Africa continues to play an important but inconsistent role in advancing the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people.