A fifteen-month conflict between armed groups based in east and western Libya that ended in June 2020 left hundreds of civilians killed and missing, and thousands displaced. In March 2020, Libyan delegates nominated a Government of National Unity as the new interim authority meant to replace previous opposing ones. Armed groups and authorities remained responsible for systematic abuses including thousands held in long-term arbitrary detention, unlawful killings, torture, and forced disappearances. Migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees in Libya faced arbitrary detention, ill-treatment, sexual assault, forced labor, and extortion by armed groups linked with Tripoli authorities, armed groups, and smugglers.