Libya’s political and security crisis continues as two authorities, the Tripoli based UN-backed Government of National Accord and the Interim Government based in eastern Libya, compete for legitimacy and territorial control. Protracted armed clashes have displaced hundreds of thousands of people and interrupted access to basic services such as healthcare and electricity. Militias and armed groups, often with links to the competing governments, carry out arbitrary detention, torture, unlawful killings, indiscriminate attacks, disappearances, seizure of property and forced displacement. Hundreds of thousands of migrants and asylum seekers, including children, who flock to Libya mostly en route to Europe, experience torture, sexual assault and forced labor by prison guards, coast guard forces, and smugglers.