A political stalemate has indefinitely delayed national elections slated for December 2021. Since March 2022, two authorities vie for control: the eastern-based Government of National Stability, and the incumbent interim Government of National Unity based in Tripoli. Armed groups and authorities remain responsible for systematic abuses including long-term arbitrary detention, unlawful killings, torture, and forced disappearances. Hundreds remain missing since the end of the 2019 Tripoli war and thousands remain displaced in Libya due to damaged properties, presence of landmines, or fear of persecution. Migrants and asylum seekers face arbitrary detention, ill-treatment, and extortion by armed groups and smugglers.

Map of Libya