Algerian authorities continue to arrest and imprison peaceful activists, human rights defenders, and journalists for their critical expression. Some of them face terrorism-related charges based on an overbroad term definition of terrorism. The crackdown on civil society organizations and political parties connected to the “Hirak” pro-reform protest movement has intensified since Abdelmadjid Tebboune was elected president in December 2019. The authorities have dubiously labeled two political opposition groups, the Rachad Movement and the Movement for the Self-Determination of the Kabylie region (MAK) as “terrorist organizations.”