While the historic 2016 peace agreement between the government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) could improve respect for human rights, the agreement has flaws that may allow senior military and guerrilla commanders to escape meaningful accountability. Such groups as the National Liberation Army (ELN), FARC dissidents and successor groups to paramilitaries that emerged after an official demobilization process over a decade ago continue to commit serious abuses. Violence associated with the armed conflict has forcibly displaced millions. Rights defenders, indigenous and Afro-Colombian leaders, and other community activists face threats and violence.