Chile’s national police used excessive force in response to massive demonstrations, some of them violent, in 2019. While initial steps have been taken to reform the police, structural changes to prevent police misconduct and strengthen oversight and accountability are still pending. In Chile, abortion is only allowed in cases of rape, when the life of a pregnant woman is at risk, or when the fetus is unviable. The country faces other human rights challenges related to prison conditions; accountability for grave abuses committed during the military dictatorship; the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people; and the rights of migrants and refugees. The conflict over land between Mapuche communities, logging companies, and the authorities continues.