In March 2022, President Gabriel Boric took office. A Constituent Assembly is redrafting the country’s constitution, largely in response to massive demonstrations in 2019. Chile’s national police responded to those protests, most of which were peaceful, with excessive force. While initial steps have been taken to reform the police, structural changes to prevent police misconduct and strengthen oversight and accountability are still pending. The country faces other human rights challenges related to prison conditions; accountability for grave abuses committed during the military dictatorship; the partial criminalization of abortion; and the rights of migrants and refugees. The conflict over land between Mapuche communities, logging companies, and the authorities continues. In 2021, Congress legalized same-sex marriage.

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