Haiti is facing a deep political, humanitarian, and security crisis. The assassination of President Jovenel Moïse in July 2021 exacerbated Haiti’s constitutional crisis. Parliament has ceased to function, and the justice system faces enormous difficulties operating. A severe earthquake in August 2021 affected 2 million people. A spike in violence and kidnappings by gangs with alleged links to police and politicians, severely overcrowded prisons, and extensive impunity remain major human rights concerns. Several countries in the region have returned tens of thousands of people to Haiti since January 2021. The United States is responsible for the vast majority of returns. 

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