Haiti is facing a protracted political, constitutional, humanitarian, and security crisis. President Jovenel Moïse, who took office in 2017, is accused by civil society of unduly extending his mandate, promoting an unconstitutional referendum and of governing by decree, undermining both the legislative branch and judicial independence. Haitian authorities have imposed minimal restrictions to prevent the spread of Covid-19. The increase in gang violence, the severely overcrowded prison system, and an increase in kidnappings and disappearances remain major human rights concerns.