In January 2022, army officers under the self-proclaimed Patriotic Movement for Safeguard and Restoration (Le mouvement patriotique pour la sauvegarde et la restauration, MPSR) staged a coup against President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, who was elected for a second term in 2020. Surging abuses  committed by armed Islamist groups, state security forces during counterterrorism operations, and pro-government militias all degraded Burkina Faso's human rights and humanitarian situation. Of particular concern are the gravity and number of armed Islamist group attacks against teachers, students, and schools. Few efforts have been made to hold those responsible for these abuses to account.   

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