Intercommunal conflict and abuses by security forces and armed groups continue to exact a horrific toll on civilians. Sexual violence, including conflict-related sexual violence, against women and girls has been widespread, with few examples of perpetrators being brought to justice in military or civilian courts. The humanitarian situation in South Sudan remains dire, with the United Nations declaring that food insecurity is the worst it has been since South Sudan’s independence.

Following escalating tensions and clashes, between government forces and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO), President Salva Kiir and First Vice President and SPLS/A-IO leader Riek Machar, agreed in April to accelerate the integration of their forces as provided under the 2018 revitalized peace deal.

map of South Sudan