In February 2020 the parties formed a unity government comprising government and opposition leaders, led by President Salva Kiir, Riek Machar as first vice president, and four other vice presidents. Prior to the formation of the new government, fighting reduced in most parts of the country but sporadic fighting and related abuses have continued in parts of the Equatorias. Conflict-related sexual violence including abductions for sexual slavery has been widespread since conflict started in December 2013.

Large parts of key towns and essential civilian infrastructure such as clinics, hospitals, and schools, have been looted, destroyed, and abandoned. More than 4 million people have been forced to flee their homes, one hundred and ninety thousand of whom are sheltering in United Nations compounds and hundreds of thousands as refugees in neighboring countries. All parties continued to restrict access for the UN and humanitarian groups to conflict affected areas. The government has become increasingly intolerant and repressive, arbitrarily detaining critics, members of civil society, journalists and politicians often holding them for extended periods, sometimes years, without charge or trial. Leaders from all parties have failed to prevent abuses by their forces or hold them to account. Eight leaders and commanders are subject to UN individual sanctions

  • Children's Rights
    This submission focuses primarily on the following topics: the use and recruitment of child soldiers, the abduction and detention of children, sexual and other forms of gender-based violence perpetrated against children, and the protection of students, teachers, and schools during time of armed conflict. It proposes issues and questions that we would encourage Committee members to raise with the government.
  • International Justice
    On August 25,Transitional Justice Working Group of South Sudan, Human Rights Watch, and Institute for Security Studies held a webinar for the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) members and other officials to discuss the urgency for the establishment of the AU Hybrid Court for South Sudan, as a key factor to ensuring long term stability and accountability for serious crimes in South Sudan.
  • Africa
    South Sudan: Thousands Still Missing