Cambodia effectively is a single-party state, with noncompetitive elections, a lack of independent media, and ruling party control of all state institutions including the judiciary. There is widespread harassment, prosecutions and even violence against government critics, political opposition figures, and activists. Following July 2023 national elections that barred the main opposition party, Hun Sen, in power since 1985, handed the position of prime minister to his son Hun Manet. Hun Sen remains head of the ruling Cambodian People’s Party and serves as Senate president. Restrictions on civil and political rights have tightened, belying claims that Hun Manet would be a “reformer.”

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Cambodia country page map