The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is a democracy that generally respects civil, political, and socio-economic rights, although significant human rights concerns persist. The government has inadequately addressed pervasive discrimination against women, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, racial and ethnic minorities, and people with disabilities. Excessive restrictions also remain on freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly. 

In 2020, the South Korean government implemented important public health measures to protect against the spread of Covid-19, but aspects of its response raised serious privacy rights concerns.