Australia has a strong record protecting civil and political rights. However, vague and broad new counterterrorism laws infringe on freedom of expression and movement. The government’s failure to respect rights of asylum seekers and refugees, including processing asylum seekers offshore, turning back arriving boats, and fast-tracking screening measures at sea, violate Australia’s international legal obligations and place refugees and asylum seekers at great risk. The government has done too little to address indigenous rights and disability rights. Indigenous Australians are disproportionately over-represented in the criminal justice system. People with disabilities are too often detained in institutional care or jail settings without appropriate review mechanisms.