Australia is a vibrant multicultural democracy with a strong record of protecting civil and political rights, but serious human rights issues persist. The Australian government’s failure to address the significant overrepresentation of First Nations people in the criminal justice system and cruel treatment of asylum seekers tarnishes the country’s global standing. The Australian government has continued to actively support the expansion of fossil fuel industries at the expense of renewables, contributing to the global climate crisis. Other human rights issues include the incarceration of Indigenous children, and the devastating impact of Covid-19 on people living in aged care facilities.