Egypt

President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has overseen a reversal of the human rights gains that followed the 2011 uprising. The government has effectively banned protests and sentenced hundreds of political opponents to death or life imprisonment. No one has been held accountable for security forces killing more than 1,000 people during mostly peaceful protests after al-Sisi overthrew Egypt’s first freely elected president in 2013. Al-Sisi has expanded military court jurisdiction, and more than 1,000 civilians have been referred to military prosecution. At least a dozen journalists have faced trial since 2013. Government measures severely restrict the work of independent NGOs.