Under President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s government, Egypt has been experiencing its worst human rights crisis in many decades. Authorities have jailed tens of thousands of peaceful critics, including over 4,000 persons arrested in the wake of peaceful protests in September 2019. Security officers routinely commit serious human rights violations, including torture, disappearances and extra-judicial executions, in near-absolute impunity. Detention conditions are appalling and hundreds of prisoners, including political detainees, have died in detention from apparent insufficient medical care, including former president Mohamed Morsy. Constitutional amendments passed in 2019 amid mass arrests and suppression of fundamental freedoms have entrenched authoritarian rule and allow the military to intervene overtly in politics.

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