In Mexico, police, prosecutors, the military, and criminal groups regularly commit serious and widespread human rights violations, including arbitrary detention, torture, extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances, abuses against migrants, and attacks on journalists and human rights defenders. These crimes are rarely, if ever, investigated or punished. Despite abundant evidence that the armed forces are responsible for egregious human rights violations, successive governments since the mid-2000s have expanded their role to include fighting organized crime, controlling irregular immigration, and replacing civilian law enforcement in many parts of the country. The government has failed to take basic steps to limit the spread of Covid-19 leading to one of world’s highest recorded death tolls.