Many of the most serious human rights violations in the US occur within the criminal legal system and target people of color.  This system is plagued with injustices, including policies that improperly and disproportionately criminalize people of color, poor people, and immigrants, abusive police practices, unfair procedures, and excessively harsh sentencing.  The United States has the largest reported prison population in the world and many communities live under constant surveillance and fear of law enforcement.  Killings by police are rampant.  Court processes are often unfair, coercive, and overly punitive.  Jail and prison conditions are often unsafe and inhumane.  The US Program investigates such injustices and advocates for changes to ensure that the US meets its international legal obligations while ensuring accountability and community safety.