The human rights situation in Mozambique has continued to deteriorate amid ongoing fighting between the Islamist armed group locally known as Al-Shabab or Al-Sunna wa Jama’a (ASWJ) and government forces in the northern Cabo Delgado province,  which has led to a surge in the number of internally displaced people. ASWJ fighters have attacked villages, killed civilians, kidnapped women and children, and trained boys to fight government forces. State security forces also committed serious human rights violations during counterterrorism operations, including intimidation, ill-treatment of displaced people, and the use of unlawful force against civilians.

In October 2021, the Southern Africa Development Commission (SADC) extended the deployment of its troops fighting alongside Mozambican and Rwandan troops against the armed Islamist group.