The humanitarian situation in northern Mozambique worsened in 2022 amid attacks by an Islamic State (ISIS)-linked group locally known as “Mashababos” or Al-Shabab. Mozambican forces, with the support of troops from Rwanda and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) regional force, have significantly increased their presence in the region and recovered areas previously under the control of the insurgents. Government security forces across the country continued to use excessive force and arbitrary arrest and detention to restrict people’s right to peacefully protest. Press freedom came under pressure as new laws limiting freedom of expression and the work of journalists were debated or passed in the national parliament. Police officers continued to be implicated in cases of kidnappings for ransom across the country.

Mozambique map