The enactment of a new penal code, which decriminalizes same-sex conduct, criminalizes female genital mutilation and sexual harassment, and protects the rights of children in conflict, marked a key improvement in Angola's human rights situation in 2021. Notwithstanding these advances, state security forces have been implicated in a spate of abuses in 2021 and in the build-up to the August 2022 national elections, including excessive use of force against protesters, arbitrary detentions, and summary executions.