As the 47th session of the Human Rights Council began in Geneva on June 21, 2021, Human Rights Watch, together with 81 domestic and international civil society groups, called on states to address the worsening human rights situation in Algeria, which has involved cracking down on peaceful Algerian protesters, journalists, civil society groups, human rights defenders, trade unionists, lawyers, and even political parties. Countries participating in the 47th Human Rights Council session should condemn the effective criminalization of freedom of association, peaceful assembly and expression in Algeria.
We, the undersigned Algerian, regional and international non-governmental organizations, urge your government, individually and jointly with other states, to address the alarming crackdown on peaceful Algerian protesters, journalists, civil society members and organizations, human rights defenders and trade unionists during the 47th United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) session.
Repression has increased drastically and a more assertive public position from states is crucial to protecting Algerians peacefully exercising their rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly.
We urge you, in relevant agenda items such as in the interactive dialogue with the High Commissioner under Item 2 or in the Interactive Debates with the Special Rapporteurs on freedom of expression and freedom of association and peaceful assembly under Item 3, to:
- Condemn the escalating crackdown on peaceful protesters, journalists and human rights defenders, including the excessive use of force, the forced dispersal and intimidation of protesters and the continued arbitrary prosecutions, including on bogus terrorism-related charges;
- Urge authorities to cease all arbitrary arrests and prosecutions and release all individuals arbitrarily detained;
- Demand prompt, independent, impartial and effective investigations into allegations of torture and other ill-treatment, including allegations of physical, sexual and psychological abuse in detention and physical assault during protests - to ensure that suspected perpetrators are held accountable in fair, civilian trials;
- Urge authorities to amend or repeal overly broad provisions of the Penal Code and other legislation used to repress fundamental rights and freedoms, notably law 12-06 on civil society organizations and law 91-19 on public meetings and demonstrations, in line with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR).
Following the resumption of peaceful grassroots protests calling for democratic reform (the “Hirak”) in February 2021, the government launched a renewed campaign of arrests and harassment through the criminal justice system. According to local activists monitoring the situation on the ground, as of 26 May, at least 183 individuals are detained for expressing their views online or for protesting peacefully. 86 of them were sentenced to prison terms between 16 and 24 May. Videos also showed police beating protesters.
Despite the announcement of a presidential pardon for thirty Hirak detainees on 18 February 2021, no presidential pardon decree has been issued to date.
In the past two months, Algerian and international organizations have condemned the unlawful use of force and intimidation against protesters, the harassment and ill-treatment of human rights defenders, the continued arbitrary detention and targeting of journalists, the criminalization of debate on religious matters and the lack of investigation into allegations of physical and sexual abuse in detention, including against a minor separated from his parents.
Terrorism charges brought against fifteen human rights defenders, journalists and peaceful protesters on 29 April constitute a dangerous escalation. If pursued by the court, it could establish a worrying precedent of targeting Algerians calling for reform.
Over the past year, there has been increasing recognition of the worsening human rights situation in Algeria, including by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in March and in May 2021, the European Parliament and the Canadian House of Commons. During HRC 45, Belgium condemned judicial harassment against journalists and called on the authorities to guarantee freedom of expression. During the HRC 46, Iceland expressed concern about forced closures of Protestant churches and arbitrary application of COVID-19 restrictions.
The time is now for UN member states to address the increasing criminalization of freedom of association, peaceful assembly and expression in Algeria. We believe this intensifying crackdown meets the criteria for the UN HRC to take urgent action, as set forth by Ireland in 2016.
We therefore call on you to raise these developments in your national capacity and jointly with other states at the upcoming 47th HRC session, to protect peaceful protesters, human rights defenders and journalists struggling for democracy.
We thank you for considering our request and look forward to your response.
- Action for Change and Democracy (ACDA)
- Algerian League for the Defense of Human Rights (LADDH)
- Autonomous Union of Public Administration Personnel (SNAPAP)
- Assirem N'Yellis N'Djerdjer
- Collective of the Families of the Disappeared in Algeria (CFDA)
- Canadian Committee for Human Rights in Algeria
- Coordination FreeAlgeria
- General Autonomous Confederation of Workers in Algeria (CGATA)
- National Committee for the Liberation of Detainees (CNLD)
- Riposte Internationale
- SHOAA for Human Rights
- Tharwa N’Fadhma N’Soumer
- Abductees’ Mothers Association - Yemen
- Action by Christians for the Abolition of Torture (ACAT) - France
- Adil Soz
- Africa Freedom of Information Centre (AFIC)
- AfricanDefenders (Pan African Human Rights Defenders Network)
- Al Haq human rights foundation - Iraq
- Aman organisation against Racial Discrimination - Libya
- Americans for Democracy & Human Rights in Bahrain (ADHRB)
- Amnesty International
- Article 19
- Association Arts et Culture des Deux Rives
- Association Citoyenneté, Développement, Cultures et Migration des Deux Rives
- Association Le Pont Genève
- Association of Civil Solidarity - Tunisia
- Beity organisation - Tunisia
- Belaady Organization for Human Rights - Libya
- Bytes for All, Pakistan
- Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS)
- Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East (CJPME)
- Cartoonist Rights Network (CRNI)
- Center for Media Freedom & Responsibility (CMFR)
- CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation
- Dhameer for Rights and freedom - Yemen
- Egyptian Front for Human Rights (EFHR)
- Euromed Rights
- Front Line Defenders
- Global voices
- Globe International Center
- Growth foundation for development & improvement - Iraq
- Gulf Centre for Human Rights (GCHR)
- Hadramout Foundation For Legal Support and Training- Yemen
- Hassan Saadaoui Foundation for Democracy and Equality - Tunisia
- Human Rights Watch
- Index on Censorship
- Initiative for Freedom of Expression- Turkey
- International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
- International Service For Human Rights (ISHR)
- IPYS Venezuela
- Justice without Chains – Libya
- Maghreb Coordination of Human Rights Organizations (CMODH)
- Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA)
- Media Institute of Southern Africa, Zimbabwe (MISA)
- MENA Rights Group
- Moroccan Organisation for Human Rights (AMDH)
- Moroccan Organisation for the Defense of Human Rights (ASDHOM)
- National Center for Development Cooperation (CNCD 11.11.11)
- National Syndicate of Tunisian Journalists (SNJT)
- Nas Development and Human Rights Center - Yemen
- PEN International
- Project on Middle East Democracy (POMED)
- Reporters without Borders (RSF)
- Sam for freedom and rights - Yemen
- Social Peace Promoting and Legal Protection - Yemen
- South East Europe Media Organisation (SEEMO)
- Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR)
- Syrian Center for Media and Freedom of Expression (SCM)
- The Pacific Islands News Association (PINA)
- Together We Raise (social association) – Yemen
- Tunisian Association for the Defense of Individual Liberties (ADLI)
- Tunisian Association of Democratic Women (ATFD)
- Tunisia Center for Freedom of the Press
- Tunisian Forum for Youth Empowerment
- Tunisian League for the Defense of Human Rights (LTDH)
- Tunisian Organisation against Torture (OCTT)
- Vigilance for Democracy and the Civic State - Tunisia
- Watch for Human Rights - Yemen
- World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA)
- World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
- Yemeni Observatory for Human Rights - Yemen