Reports

Harassment and Detention of Opponents, Rights Defenders and Journalists Ahead of Elections in Nicaragua

The 37-page report, “Critics Under Attack: Harassment and Detention of Opponents, Rights Defenders, and Journalists Ahead of the Elections,” found that in the run-up to presidential elections set for November 7, 2021, high-profile arrests and other serious human rights violations against critics appear to be part of a broader strategy to eliminate political competition, stifle dissent, and pave the way for President Daniel Ortega’s re-election to a fourth consecutive term. Between June 2 and 20, Nicaraguan authorities detained and opened seemingly politically motivated criminal investigations against five leading opposition presidential candidates and at least nine prominent government critics.

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  • Sexual Exploitation, Harassment and Abuse in Secondary Schools in Senegal

    This report documents abuses against female students in secondary schools, primarily by teachers and school officials.

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  • Military Occupation of Land in Sri Lanka

    This report details security force occupation of land both during and after the armed conflict.

  • The Human Rights Impact of Bauxite Mining in Guinea

    This report focuses on two mining projects that were Guinea’s two largest bauxite producers in 2017: La Société Minière de Boké (SMB), a joint venture linked to the world’s largest aluminum producer, China Hongqiao Group, that has expanded extremely rapidly since it began in 2015; and la Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinée

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  • Arbitrary Arrests and Enforced Disappearances in Iraq 2014-2017

    This report draws on research Human Rights Watch has published on enforced disappearances in Iraq since 2014, when Iraqi forces launched anti-ISIS operations, and documents an additional 74 cases of men and four cases of boys detained by Iraqi military and security forces between April 2014 and October 2017 and forcibly

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  • The Lasting Harm of Jailing Mothers Before Trial in Oklahoma

    This report documents the unique harms of putting mothers with minor children into pretrial detention. Jailed mothers are separated from their children for days, weeks, months, a year or more with limited means of substantial contact—which compounds the already extreme pressure to accept a guilty plea.

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  • Possession of Extremist Material in Kyrgyzstan

    This report finds that in some cases, suspects are charged for possessing material that the authorities classified as extremist only after their arrests. Several suspects told Human Rights Watch that police and security agents had planted the material during searches, then demanded payoffs to end investigations.

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  • China’s Campaign of Repression Against Xinjiang’s Muslims

    This report presents new evidence of the Chinese government’s mass arbitrary detention, torture, and mistreatment, and the increasingly pervasive controls on daily life.

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  • Obstacles to Justice and Remedy for Sexual Assault Survivors in Mauritania

    This report found that when survivors do come forward, police and judicial investigators do not respect their rights and dignity.

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  • The Need for a Regional Response to an Unprecedented Migration Crisis

    This report documents efforts by South American governments to address the massive numbers of Venezuelans crossing their borders, as well as recent setbacks that threaten Venezuelans’ ability to seek protection. In some Caribbean islands, Venezuelans are subject to arbitrary arrests and deportations.

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  • Failure to Credibly Investigate and Provide Redress for Unlawful Attacks in Yemen

    This report analyzes the work of the coalition’s investigative body, the Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT), over the past two years. Human Rights Watch found that JIAT’s work has fallen far short of international standards regarding transparency, impartiality, and independence.

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  • A Moral and Legal Imperative to Ban Killer Robots

    This report finds that fully autonomous weapons would violate what is known as the Martens Clause.

  • Crushing Dissent in the Maldives

    This report documents how the government of President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom has used decrees and broad, vaguely worded laws to silence dissent and intimidate, arbitrarily arrest, and imprison critics.

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  • The Human Toll of Georgia’s Abusive Drug Policies

    This report describes the impact of overly punitive drug laws and practices on people who use drugs, and on their families.

  • The Plight of Rohingya Refugees from Myanmar

    This report is based on a May 2018 visit to Cox’s Bazar. Human Rights Watch found that the mega camp is severely overcrowded. The average usable space is 10.7 square meters per person, compared with the recommended international standard of 45 square meters per person.

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  • China’s Crackdown on Tibetan Social Groups

    This report details efforts by the Chinese Communist Party at the local level to eliminate the remaining influence of lamas and traditional leaders within Tibetan communities.

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