How Probation and Parole Feed Mass Incarceration in the United States

The 225-page report, “Revoked: How Probation and Parole Feed Mass Incarceration in the United States,” finds that supervision – probation and parole – drives high numbers of people, disproportionately those who are Black and brown, right back to jail or prison, while in large part failing to help them get needed services and resources. In states examined in the report, people are often incarcerated for violating the rules of their supervision or for low-level crimes, and receive disproportionate punishment following proceedings that fail to adequately protect their fair trial rights.


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  • Police Abuse and Reform in Pakistan

    This report documents a range of human rights violations committed by police, including arbitrary arrest and detention, torture, and extrajudicial killings.

  • Restrictions on Bathroom and Locker Room Access for Transgender Youth in US Schools

    This report examines how transgender youth are adversely affected by rules that bar them from using bathrooms and locker rooms matching their gender identity.

  • Child Marriage in Nepal

    This report documents the economic and social pressures that lead to child marriage, and the devastating consequences of those marriages.

  • Unaccompanied Children Detained in Greece

    This report documents arbitrary and prolonged detention of children in violation of international and Greek law. Children are held in unsanitary conditions, sometimes with unrelated adults, in police stations and detention centers where they have little access to basic care and services.

  • Vicious Crackdown on Critics in Russia’s Chechen Republic

    This report describes how local authorities punish and humiliate people who show dissatisfaction with or seem reluctant to applaud the Chechen leadership and its policies. The report also details increasing threats, assaults, and detention of journalists and human rights defenders.

  • Military Use of Schools in Afghanistan’s Baghlan Province

    This report documents the occupation and other military use of schools by state forces and the Taliban in Baghlan province in northeastern Afghanistan. It is based on interviews with more than more than 20 school principals, teachers, and administrators, as well as local families affected by the conflict.

  • Barriers to Education for Syrian Refugee Children in Jordan

    This report describes Jordan’s generous efforts to enroll Syrian children in its public school system, which was struggling with capacity and quality issues even before refugees began to arrive from Syria.

  • Discrimination on Grounds of Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation in Sri Lanka

    This report finds that people who don’t conform to gender norms face arbitrary detention, mistreatment, and discrimination accessing employment, housing, and health care. The government should protect the rights of transgender people and others who face similar discrimination, Human Rights Watch said.

  • Indonesia’s LGBT Community Under Threat

    This report documents how officials’ biased and untrue statements about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people provided social sanction for harassment and violence against LGBT Indonesians, and even death threats by militant Islamists. State institutions, including the National Broadcasting Commission and

  • Abuses against Children Detained as National Security Threats

    This report documents the arrest and detention of children for alleged association with non-state armed groups or involvement in conflict-related offenses.

  • Arbitrary Detentions, Enforced Disappearances, and Torture in Eastern Ukraine

    This report is based on interviews with 40 victims of abuses, their family members, witnesses, victims’ lawyers, and other sources.

  • Abuses in Counterterrorism Operations in Nairobi and in Northeastern Kenya

    This report documents 34 instances in multi-agency security operations in which the military was actively involved in raiding homes and compounds to arrest people who were allegedly suspected of links with the armed Islamist group, Al-Shabab.

  • Barriers to Education for Syrian Refugee Children in Lebanon

    This report documents the important steps Lebanon has taken to allow Syrian children to access public schools. But Human Rights Watch found that some schools have not complied with enrollment policies, and that more donor support is needed for Syrian families and for Lebanon’s over-stretched public school system.

  • Women and Saudi Arabia’s Male Guardianship System

    This report examines in detail the panoply of formal and informal barriers women in Saudi Arabia face when attempting to make decisions or take action without the presence or consent of a male relative.

  • Hazardous Child Labor in Afghanistan

    This report documents how child workers work dangerous jobs in Afghanistan’s carpet industry; as bonded labor in brick kilns; and as metal workers. They perform tasks that could result in illness, injury, or even death due to hazardous working conditions and poor enforcement of safety and health standards.