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In January 2017, Human Rights Watch requested documents under the Freedom of Information Act from the National Reconnaissance Organization (NRO), a US agency that builds and maintains the country’s intelligence satellites. The request primarily concerned communications surveillance activities under two of the United States’ main foreign intelligence surveillance authorities: Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and Executive Order 12333.

In response to this request, Human Rights Watch received documents from the NRO on July 25. The documents consist of a training presentation and several legal memoranda concerning the treatment of signals intelligence (that is, communications and related data that the government has gathered as intelligence).

To view the documents, please click below:


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