More than three years after the UK public voted to leave the EU, significant concerns remain about how human rights will be protected after Brexit, notably around workers’ rights, anti-discrimination protections, and privacy rights based on EU law.

There is also mounting evidence that a ‘no-deal’ Brexit – if the UK leaves the EU without a Withdrawal Agreement – could cause serious harm to people’s rights. Food and medicine supplies will be disrupted, civil unrest is possible, and many EU citizens in the UK and UK citizens living in Europe will face deep uncertainty.

Brexit is also causing severe strain to the country’s constitution and political system, in ways that threaten the rule of law, the right to political participation, and the checks and balances needed to protect human rights in a democracy.