(New York) – Thai authorities arrested four activists campaigning against the military junta’s draft constitution and a journalist reporting on the campaign, Human Rights Watch said today. A referendum on the proposed constitution is scheduled for August 7, 2016.
On July 10 in Ban Pong district, Ratchaburi province, police arrested three activists from the New Democracy Movement (NDM) – Pakorn Areekul, Anucha Rungmorakot, and Anan Loked – for violating the Referendum Act after finding NDM booklets criticizing the draft constitution in their car. The police also arrested Taweesak Kerdpoka, a journalist with the Prachatai online news agency, while he was traveling with the activists. Later that day, police arrested another pro-democracy activist, Panuwat Songsawatchai, on the same charge after accusing him of helping to deliver NDM booklets in the district.
“Arresting peaceful activists is bad enough, but jailing a journalist for reporting on the ‘vote-no’ campaign is a serious blow to press freedom in Thailand and any hopes that the vote on the constitution will be a fair one,” said Brad Adams, Asia director at Human Rights Watch. “With each day the Thai junta is undermining the legitimacy of its own referendum.”
The authorities should immediately release and drop all charges against the activists and journalist, Human Rights Watch said.
The ruling National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) junta, chaired by Prime Minister Gen. Prayut Chan-ocha, has imposed conditions for the constitutional referendum that have increasingly hindered open public discussion, Human Rights Watch said. Article 61 of the 2016 Referendum Act, which governs the referendum process, criminalizes “anyone who disseminates text, pictures or sounds that are inconsistent with the truth or in a violent, aggressive, rude, inciting or threatening manner aimed at preventing a voter from casting a ballot or vote in any direction or to not vote.” Violators face imprisonment up to 10 years, fines up to 200,000 baht (US$5,600), and loss of voting rights for 10 years.
The junta has disregarded international human rights law protections that ensure the rights to express their views on the draft constitution and to vote freely, Human Rights Watch said. Both the NCPO and the junta-appointed Constitution Drafting Committee (CDC) have broadly and arbitrarily interpreted criticisms and dissenting opinions about the draft constitution to be “false information” and a threat to national security. As a result, the only sources of information about the draft constitution for many voters come from the junta-appointed Constitution Drafting Commission, the military, the Election Commission and other government agencies – all of which have taken the position that the proposed constitution would benefit the Thai people.
On April 19, General Prayut said that opponents of the draft constitution “have no rights to say that they disagree… I don’t allow anyone to debate or hold a press conference about the draft constitution. Yet they still disobey my orders. They will be arrested and jailed for 10 years. No one will be exempted, not even the media.”
On April 18, the authorities arrested Watana Muangsook, a prominent Pheu Thai party member and former government minister, for posting commentary on his Facebook page that he would reject the draft constitution. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon raised concerns during a telephone conversation with General Prayut on June 20 about the stepped-up repression ahead of the constitutional referendum. But on that same day, Thai authorities charged 19 leaders of the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (UDD) with violating the junta’s ban on public gatherings of more than five people for opening a referendum monitoring center in Bangkok. On June 23 in Bang Pli district, Samut Prakarn province, soldiers arrested 14 activists who were handing out leaflets urging voters to reject the draft constitution.
“Both the United Nations and Thailand’s international friends should press hard for General Prayut to immediately end the arbitrary arrest of critics and dissenters, and drop criminal charges against all those who peacefully express their political opinions,” Adams said. “The junta can’t expect the Thai people to just shut up and vote on the draft constitution without any debate.”