September 10, 2014

 

Secretary of State John F. Kerry

The State Department

Washington DC

 

Re: United Nations General Assembly action on North Korea

 

Dear Secretary Kerry,

The undersigned organizations and individuals, comprising several key advocacy groups, academic institutions, think tanks, and others, know that you understand the seriousness of the human rights situation inside North Korea, a country President Barack Obama spoke of in April as “probably the worst human rights violator in the world.”

We write to request that you personally attend a United Nations General Assembly side event on North Korea later this month to highlight the recent work of the UN Commission of Inquiry on North Korea and set the stage for a strong General Assembly resolution endorsing its findings.

As you are aware, the UN Commission of Inquiry on North Korea earlier this year presented a chilling and comprehensive new report on abuses by the North Korean government, including extermination, murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment, rape, and forced starvation. The report called on the United Nations to “ensure that those responsible for crimes against humanity are held accountable.” The commission also recommended that the Security Council adopt targeted sanctions against those who appear to be most responsible for crimes against humanity.

We commend the work you have done to support the commission and ensure US support for a strong resolution endorsing its report at the UN Human Rights Council this March, and we appreciate the US government’s involvement in this April’s Arria Formula meeting on North Korea at the Security Council in New York.

In this context, we understand that the US government is interested in participating in a high-level side event during the main General Assembly session in September and is prepared to co-sponsor a draft resolution on North Korea currently being written by Japan and the European Union. This is welcome news. We believe that your personal support and involvement in these efforts are crucial for their success—in particular, your personal involvement in the side-event in September.

US government co-sponsorship of the draft resolution and side event during the General Debate week will serve as an important example for other UN member states. A side-event in particular—through your engagement and the involvement of other foreign ministers and the UN’s new High Commissioner for Human Rights—would provide an excellent opportunity for ministerial-level discussion of the key findings of the Commission of Inquiry’s report, and help lay the groundwork for widespread support of a strong UNGA resolution.

Specifically, with respect to the text of the draft resolution, we recommend that the US work to ensure that it condemns the crimes against humanity documented by the UN Commission of Inquiry on North Korea report in the strongest terms and adopts language at least as strong as that in the March 2014 Human Rights Council resolution, which called on the General Assembly to submit the report to the Security Council, to allow the council to debate its findings and recommendations and consider “referral of the situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to an appropriate international criminal justice mechanism.”

We also urge that the text contain language urging the Security Council to consider new targeted sanctions against those who are most responsible for crimes against humanity, prioritize the commission’s call for immediate access to North Korea’s prison camps for human rights monitors and humanitarian groups, and endorse the creation of a field-based office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to continue gathering information and evidence.

Strengthening the link between the Security Council and the issue of accountability is crucial to pave the way for concrete action on holding perpetrators to account in the future. And the credible threat of accountability may help shift behavior among government officials and those with leverage over them. We appreciate your work on these important efforts.

Sincerely,

 

Morton Abramowitz

Senior Fellow

The Century Foundation

 

Victor Cha

Professor, Georgetown University

Senior Adviser, Center for Strategic and International Studies

 

Roberta Cohen

Co-Chair of the Board of Directors

The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea

 

Lorne Craner

Assistant Secretary of State (former)

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

U.S. Department of State

 

Felice D. Gaer

Director

Jacob Blaustein Institute for the Advancement of Human Rights

 

Morton H. Halperin

Senior Advisor

Open Society Foundations

 

David Hawk

Author of The Hidden Gulag

 

William Inboden

Executive Director

Clements Center for History, Strategy & Statecraft

University of Texas-Austin

 

David J. Kramer

President

Freedom House

 

Jae H. Ku

Director

U.S.-Korea Institute

Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies

 

Robyn Lieberman

Senior Director

Government Advocacy

Human Rights First

 

Kenneth Roth

Executive Director

Human Rights Watch

 

Greg Scarlatoiu

Executive Director

The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea

 

Hannah Song

Executive Director

Liberty in North Korea