In the Ituri district of war-torn eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, community members watch the opening of the International Criminal Court’s first trial—that of Congolese militia leader Thomas Lubanga Dyilo—in January 2009.

© 2009 Marcus Bleasdale/VII

The ICC prosecutor decided to open an investigation in the DRC in July 2004, following a referral of the situation by the Congolese authorities. The prosecutor initially focused on the conflict in Ituri and brought two cases in relation to crimes there, before moving on to the Kivu provinces. There is currently one other trial related to crimes in the DRC at the ICC. Human Rights Watch has called on the ICC prosecutor to bring additional cases in order to make a meaningful contribution to justice and ending impunity in Congo.

(Back to the Lubanga feature)

Key Documents:

ICC’s First-Ever Probe Must Be Effective

ICC/DRC: New War Crimes Suspect Arrested

ICC/DRC: Second Trial of Congolese Warlords

Unfinished Business

Courting History: The Landmark International Criminal Court’s First Years