Maria Elena Vignoli is senior counsel in the International Justice Program, where she focuses on the International Criminal Court (ICC) and justice issues in the Democratic Republic of Congo. She first joined the International Justice Program as a Sandler Fellow in 2016-17 conducting research and advocacy on accountability for grave crimes committed in Syria through universal jurisdiction prosecutions in Sweden and Germany. She previously worked for the Office of the Prosecutor at the ICC and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and spent time in eastern Congo investigating possibilities for truth and reconciliation in the Ituri district. She holds a law degree from the University of Bologna, an M.A. in human rights and genocide studies from Kingston University, London and an LL.M. from Columbia Law School.