China: Human Rights Deteriorate
(Last Updated on August 27, 2001)

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  • A China Human Rights Policy -- Now
    By Mike Jendrzejczyk
    Published August 14, 2001 in The Asian Wall Street Journal

    With U.S. President George W. Bush due to visit Shanghai and Beijing in just 10 weeks, his administration badly needs a human-rights policy for China.

  • Bush should press China on human rights
    By Mike Jendrzejczyk
    Published August 13, 2001 in The Baltimore Sun

    President Clinton was criticized for his inconsistent and erratic China policy, especially on human rights. But as President Bush prepares to make his first official visit to China this fall, it's not yet clear that his policy will be any better.

  • China Tightens Internet Controls
    (New York, August 1, 2001) -- Human Rights Watch said today that tightening Chinese government controls on the Internet are having a chilling effect on academic freedom, commercial exchanges, and ordinary communication.   Also read HRW Backgrounder: Freedom of Expression and the Internet in China

  • China: Another Academic Given Sham Trial
    (New York, July 24, 2001) --Human Rights Watch today denounced the trial and conviction of Dr. Gao Zhan, a U.S.-based sociologist.

  • China: Unwarranted Trial of Scholar
    New York, July 14, 2001)— A day after China´s successful bid for the 2008 Olympics, Human Rights Watch condemned the trial and conviction in Beijing of Li Shaomin, a U.S. academic, on “espionage” charges.

  • China: Now It's Up to the Olympic Sponsors
    (New York, July 13, 2001) -Human Rights Watch said that today's selection of Beijing as the site for the 2008 Olympics put a major burden on the International Olympic Committee and the Games' corporate sponsors to make the Games a force for change in China.  Also read Require Rights Guarantees From Olympic Hosts

  • China: Detention of Scholars and Human Rights Conditions
    (Washington, D.C., June 19, 2001) China's detention of four intellectuals of Chinese descent with ties to the U.S. poses a serious challenge to U.S.-China relations. In addition, another prominent scholar with links to Hong Kong and a businessman who is a permanent U.S. resident and is reported to be extremely ill have been detained. Two of the scholars have thus far been accused of spying, although no evidence has been produced by the Chinese government to justify the charges.

  • Human Rights Watch Letter to IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch
    (June 8, 2001) -- As Beijing becomes a leading contender to host the 2008 Summer Olympic Games, we urge the I.O.C. to seek commitments from the Chinese government now about protection of human rights before and during the games.

  • Rights Stuff: Press For Progress
    By Mike Jendrzejczyk Published May 24, 2001 in Asian Wall Street Journal

    China's detention of four intellectuals of Chinese descent with ties to America poses a serious challenge to U.S.-China relations. Two are accused of spying, although no evidence has been produced to justify the charges. They may all be victims of internal Chinese politics, or pawns in a game Beijing is playing to test the new administration of President George W. Bush.  More..

  • China: Human Rights Conditions and U.S. Policy
    Statement by Mike Jendrzejczyk to the Congressional Human Rights Caucus, May 15, 2001

    The scope of political repression in China is well known. But it affects Chinese citizens in many ways, and not only dissidents are victims of abuse.

  • Hong Kong's Freedom is Facing a Crucial Test
    (April 28, 2001) Nearly four years after its handover to China, Hong Kong's autonomy and commitment to human rights under the "one country, two systems" formula are facing some pivotal tests. The former British colony must decide how to deal with the Falun Gong spiritual meditation group, and how to respond to China's detention of Hong Kong-based academics.

  • Imminent Trial of Three Gorges Dam Protestors
    (New York, April 20, 2001) Two international organizations appealed today for the release of farmers arrested for trying to petition Chinese authorities to end abuses linked to the Three Gorges Dam project.

  • China's Willing Censors
    (New York, April 20, 2001) So what do recent events in China tell us about the power of information technology to transform repressive societies? The Internet's liberating potential was on display last month when the truth about a deadly school explosion spread across Chinese chat rooms, disproving official denials of responsibility and forcing Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji into a remarkable public apology.

  • Jiang Zemin-Fidel Castro Summit
    (New York, April 11, 2001) By celebrating a state visit just prior to the votes on proposed U.N. resolutions condemning their governments' human rights records, Chinese President Jiang Zemin and Cuban President Fidel Castro are signaling a worrisome mutual agenda on rights issues, Human Rights Watch said today.

  • China: White Paper a "Whitewash"
    (New York, April 10, 2001) Human Rights Watch said that China's new "White Paper" on human rights is clearly aimed at the ongoing session of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights in Geneva -- part of the same lobbying strategy that brought Jiang Zemin to Latin America.

  • China: More Scholars Behind Bars
    (New York, April 3, 2001 ) Following recent revelations of China's detention of a third academic, Human Rights Watch called on the Chinese government to release the academics immediately. Xu Zerong, an Oxford PhD who was based in Hong Kong but taught at universities in southern China, was apparently detained last autumn and is still being held incommunicado.

  • China: Second Foreign Scholar Detained
    (New York, March 31, 2001) China's detention of a respected U.S. sociologist sends a chilling message to foreign researchers and investors, Human Rights Watch said today. The international monitoring organization urged that Chinese authorities reveal the charges against Li Shaomin, a business professor at the City University of Hong Kong, who was detained on February 25, 2001 en route to Shenzhen in southern China.

  • China: Bush Should Use Qian Visit to Press for Rights Progress
    (New York, March 20, 2001) President George W. Bush should use his Oval Office meeting this Thursday [March 22] with Chinese Vice Premier Qian Qichen to press for concrete progress on human rights in advance of the president's visit to China later this year. Bush will attend the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in Shanghai, October 20-21, and will also visit Beijing.

  • China: Labor Rights Violated Despite New Treaty
    (New York, March 16, 2001) Human Rights Watch today released details of a case involving a labor organizer in Henan Province that demonstrate China's continued restrictions on basic worker rights in China.

    Rights violations in China, including labor rights abuses, are likely to be the subject of renewed international attention at the annual meetings of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, scheduled to open March 19 in Geneva.

  • China: Workers' Rights Lag Behind U.N. Standards
    (New York, February 28, 2001) Human Rights Watch today commended the Chinese government for ratifying a key United Nations human rights treaty, but said China must do more to protect the rights of workers. As China prepares to join the World Trade Organization and to dismantle more state-run enterprises, Human Rights Watch said, a growing unemployment rate will require stronger protections for workers.

  • China: Intervention Urged in Internet Case
    (New York, February 9, 2001) Human Rights Watch today urged diplomats in Beijing to send observers to the trial next week of Chinese webmaster Huang Qi, calling it a significant test of the limits of free expression.

  • Xinjiang, China's Restive Northwest
    Human Rights Watch Backgrounder, November, 2000
    Increasing separatist activity over the last five years in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in China's northwest is fueling ongoing repression in the region, with Chinese authorities carrying out large scale arrests, trials, and executions.

  • China's President Jiang Told to Release Prisoners
    (Washington, September 5, 2000) In a thirty-five page report released today, Human Rights Watch called on China's President Jiang Zemin to release more than thirty people imprisoned for their role in the China Democracy Party and all others who have been detained in China for peaceful political activities.

  • Human Rights Watch Open Letter to European Union Foreign Ministers
    ( July 14, 2000) Human Rights Watch has supported the European Union (E.U.) in its attempts over the last three years to bring about improvements in human rights in China through on-going dialogue with Chinese government officials, combined with rule of law exchanges. However, we continue to believe that dialogue and exchange programs alone are insufficient, and we are deeply concerned that the China-E.U. bilateral dialogue has become largely a rhetorical shell, lacking in accountability, transparency, and clear benchmarks for progress.

  • China Commission Should Be Strengthened
    (Washington, May 23, 2000) -- A proposed bipartisan commission on China should be strengthened, Human Rights Watch said today, as the House of Representatives prepared to vote on permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) for China. A bill sponsored by Rep. Sander Levin and Rep. Doug Bereuter would create a joint Congressional-executive body to monitor China's human rights and labor practices.

  • Granting Permanent Normal Trade Relations to China and Human Rights
    (Testimony before the House Committee on International Relations (May 10, 2000)
    Human Rights Watch does not take a position on trade agreements per se, and does not endorse any particular trade agreement, including the one signed by the U.S. and China last November. However, we believe that the WTO process should be used to push for human rights improvements. Broader trade with China can be consistent with advancing human rights, but only if it is combined with effective, sustained pressure on China to respect basic civil and political rights.

  • China Talks Sweet on Human Rights
    (March 23, 2000) -- China has unveiled a new "kinder and gentler" strategy for dealing with accusations of human-rights violations. Not surprisingly, the softer approach coincides with the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which opened in Geneva this week. The United States has agreed to sponsor a resolution censuring China, and Beijing wants to make sure it never comes up for a vote, or if it does, that it's defeated.

  • China: Eight Year Sentence for Uighur Businesswoman
    (New York, March 10, 2000)—Human Rights Watch today condemned the harsh prison sentence handed down in the case of Uighur businesswoman Rebiya Kadeer. The eight year sentence was issued by the Urumqi Intermediate Court in Xinjiang, China on March 10. The international monitoring organization called for Kadeer's immediate and unconditional release.

  • China's Accession to the WTO and Human Rights
    (Testimony before the House Committee on Ways and Means, February 2000)
    ...we believe that the WTO process should be used to push for human rights improvements. Broader trade with China can be consistent with advancing human rights, but only if it is combined with effective, sustained pressure on China to respect basic civil and political rights.

  • China Human Rights Update
    (February 1, 2000)-- Human Rights Watch urges the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, at its next annual meeting, to adopt a strong resolution censuring China for widespread violations of human rights and calling for significant improvements. A serious multilateral effort at the Commission, which convenes in Geneva on March 20, would have more than symbolic meaning. The prospect of a debate on a China resolution would give Beijing a powerful incentive to make meaningful progress to end abuses.

  • EU-China Summit in Beijing Must Push on Human Rights
    (Brussels, December 21) -- As the European Union and China meet for a summit in Beijing on December 21, Human Rights Watch called on the Prime Minister of Finland, Mr. Paavo Lipponen, and the President of the European Commission, Mr. Romano Prodi, to ensure that the development of economic relations is matched by consistent pressure on China to comply with its international human rights obligations.

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  • Use WTO Process to Push China on Rights
    (November 24, 1999, New York) -- As the World Trade Organization (WTO) prepared to meet in Seattle (November 30-December 3), Human Rights Watch called on the Clinton Administration to take steps to ensure that its support of China's WTO membership is matched by consistent pressure on China to comply with its international human rights obligations.

  • China Uses "Rule of Law" to Justify Falun Gong Crackdown
    (New York, November 9, 1999) -- As the Chinese government continued its nationwide roundup of Falun Gong members, Human Rights Watch said that China's intensified campaign against the exercise and meditation group clearly violated United Nations human rights standards. Chinese officials have formally arrested more than one hundred individuals and are preparing to put them on trial.

  • UK-China Summit ( October 15, 1999 )-- Human Rights Watch today called on British Prime Minister Tony Blair to use the summit with China's president on October 19-22 to urge President Jiang Zemin to take practical, concrete steps to improve human rights in China and Tibet.

  • Human Rights Developments In China -- 1999
    Press Backgrounder For President Jiang Zemin's Visit to the U.K. and France (October 1999)

  • China: Human Rights at Fifty Years
    (New York, October 1, 1999) -- Human Rights Watch today urged the People's Republic of China to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of its founding by releasing all prisoners and detainees held for the peaceful expression of their views.

  • Clinton Should Press China on Human Rights
    (New York, September 9, 1999)—President Clinton should press Chinese President Jiang Zemin for human rights improvements as a precondition for Beijing getting normal trading status on a permanent basis, Human Rights Watch said today. On September 11, Clinton will meet with Jiang in New Zealand during the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit.

  • Chinese Targeting Eastern Tibetans
    (New York, September 8, 1999) --In a report released today, Human Rights Watch describes how China's intolerance of Tibetan political activity extends into areas of Sichuan, Gansu, Yunnan, and Qinghai provinces. Half of the Tibetans under Chinese rule live in these areas, known as "eastern Tibet," outside the Tibetan Autonomous Region.

  • Tibetan Detained At Risk Of Mistreatment
    (New York, August 23)--A Tibetan who was detained in China along with two foreigners investigating the impact of a World Bank project is at serious risk of torture or ill-treatment, Human Rights Watch said today.  The international monitoring group called on the World Bank along with the U.S. and Australian governments to make high level appeals for immediate access to the detained Tibetan translator, Tsering Dorje, and call for his release.

  • World Bank Should Intervene On Detentions In China
    (New York, August 19)-- Human Rights Watch today called on the World Bank to intervene at the highest levels with officials in Beijing to help secure the release of two foreigners detained in Qinghai Province, site of a controversial new World Bank project.

  • U.N. Asked To Intervene To Protect Falun Gong's Rights
    (New York, July 22, 1999) — Human Rights Watch today strongly condemned the Chinese government's nationwide ban on the practice of Falun Gong. It urged the release of the organization's leaders and members arbitrarily detained in a nationwide sweep aimed at suppressing the group.

  • Fang Jue Case Should Trigger Concern In Business Community
    (June 11, 1999) -- Human Rights Watch today said the four-year prison sentence given to Fang Jue, a Chinese official turned entrepreneur, for alleged unfair business practices made a mockery of China's commitment to the rule of law.

  • Perspectives on Tiananmen Square
    Human Rights Watch Interviews with activists and others
    May-June 1999

  • Chinese Government Must Reverse Tiananmen Verdict
    (June 1, 1999) -- On the tenth anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown, Human Rights Watch is calling on China to reverse the official verdict on the 1989 pro-democracy movement.

  • Victims Compile New Evidence of June Fourth Crimes
    (New York —June 1, 1999) A group of June Fourth survivors is releasing new evidence of the crimes committed by martial law troops in the 1989 Beijing crackdown. The evidence includes detailed testimonies describing the killings and wounding of individuals, a list of the dead, and still photographs of victims.