Saudi Arabia held the presidency of the G20 in 2020 despite the country’s longstanding human rights abuses. Authorities failed to hold high-level officials accountable for suspected involvement in the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in 2018. Scores of human rights activists and dissidents remain in prison or on trial for their peaceful criticism. Through 2020, the Saudi-led coalition continued a military campaign against the Houthi rebel group in Yemen that has included scores of unlawful airstrikes that have killed and wounded thousands of civilians. 

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