The government of Prime Minister Gen. Prayut Chan-ocha restricts fundamental rights, particularly free expression and assembly, arbitrarily arrests democracy activists and critics of the monarchy, engineered a major opposition party’s dissolution, and enforces a nationwide state of emergency, using Covid-19 as a pretext. Authorities suppressed youth-led democracy protests, sometimes violently. Government agencies and private companies harass and bring retaliatory lawsuits against human rights defenders. In fighting in the southern border provinces, security forces, and insurgents commit grave abuses. Three million migrant workers from abroad face systematic abuses despite government promises for reform. Refugees and asylum seekers endure arrest, prolonged detention, and deportation to persecution.

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