Prime Minister Gen. Prayut Chan-ocha’s government has restricted fundamental rights, particularly free expression and peaceful assembly, by targeting democracy activists and critics of the monarchy. Authorities suppressed youth-led democracy protests that began in July 2020, sometimes violently. Government agencies and private companies harass and bring retaliatory lawsuits against human rights defenders. In fighting in the southern border provinces, both state security forces and insurgents commit serious abuses. As many as three million migrant workers from neighboring countries work and live in Thailand, and regularly face labor rights abuses, systematic harassment and extortion from government officials and private employers. Refugees and asylum seekers, especially from war-torn Myanmar, face arrest, prolonged detention, and deportation to persecution.

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