• Sudan’s relations with newly independent South Sudan deteriorated in early 2012, leading to clashes along the shared border. Although the two governments signed an agreement in September, paving the way for resumption of oil production, fighting between Sudanese government forces andrebels continues in Darfur, as well as in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, where Sudan’s indiscriminate bombardment and obstruction of aid forced more than 170,000 to flee to South Sudan. Student-led protests in university towns intensified in response to austerity measures and political grievances. Sudanese authorities harassed and detained opposition party members, civil society leaders, and journalists, and censored the press.

  • Sudan saw no progress in its abysmal rights record in 2014. Instead, new episodes of conflict in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile states resulted in large numbers of civilian deaths and displaced; security forces repeatedly suppressed protesters demonstrating against government policies; and authorities continued to stifle civil society and independent media.