In April, opposition leader Muhammadu Buhari defeated incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan in national presidential elections marking a democratic transfer of power. But the violence, human rights abuse, and corruption facing the country tempered optimism. In the northeast, the militant insurgent group Boko Haram killed civilians, abducted women and girls, forcefully conscripted young men and boys, and destroyed homes and schools, displacing hundreds of thousands. Government security forces are implicated in human rights abuses throughout the country, with little effort made to bring to hold those responsible to account. Elsewhere, competition for power and access to land between nomadic pastoralists and farming communities has led to deadly clashes.