India, the world’s most populous democracy, has significant human rights problems despite making commitments to tackle some of the most prevalent abuses. The country has a thriving civil society, free media, and an independent judiciary. But corruption and lack of accountability for abusive practices foster human rights violations. Government initiatives, including police reform and improved access to health care and education, are poorly implemented. Women, children, and minority groups are marginalized. Abuses committed by security forces in Jammu and Kashmir go unpunished. Resource extraction and infrastructure projects often have deleterious environmental and economic impacts, and may infringe upon the rights of affected communities.