Prime Minister Hun Sen, a former Khmer Rouge commander, has been in power after more than 30 years. His rule continues to be characterized by security force violence and politically motivated prosecutions. Security forces enjoy impunity for serious human rights abuses, including political assassinations, other extrajudicial killings, and torture. The government severely restricts peaceful protests, including strikes by trade unions and opposition parties. Forced evictions and illegal land acquisitions by politically powerful individuals and their business partners increase poverty and cause social conflict. Government officials and judges are mired in corruption. Garment industry workers, who are mostly women, suffer sexual discrimination and violations of their labor rights.

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