Burundi

Restrictions on freedom of expression and freedom of assembly increased in advance of 2015 elections. Police used live ammunition and excessive force against people protesting against President Pierre Nkurunziza’s election bid for a third term. Dozens of people were killed and many more injured. The government suspended several radio stations and threatened journalists, civil society activists and members of opposition parties. The justice system suffers from a lack of independence. Impunity for human rights abuses is a dominant concern. In December 2014 and January 2015, at least 47 members of an armed group who surrendered were summarily executed by Burundian military and police.